Mind and its soldiers & Ignorance and its soldiers

From Ahmed Al-Hassan Wiki

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The Ahlul Bayt (as) have informed us about the creation of the mind and the ignorance in a lenghty hadith. (Al-Kafi, vol 1, p.20, "The Book of the Mind and Ignorance", narration 14)

They taught us, that God gave the mind 75 soldiers and ignorance 75 soldiers.
Only by recognizing the mind and its soldiers and avoiding ignorance and its soldiers one reaches the higher levels of faith like the prophets and messengers.

If one defeats the ego and conquers himsself he reaches the seventh sky - the sky of the mind – and his mind will be completed...


It is narrated from Sheikh al-Kulayni in (Al-Kafi) from several of our companions, from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from Ali ibn Hadid, from Suma’a ibn Mihran that he said:

"With a gathering of his followers I was in the presence of Imam Abi Abdallah (as). A discussion on the mind and ignorance started among them.
Thereupon Imam abu ‘Abdallah said, "Know the Mind and its soldiers, and know the Ignorance and its soldiers, so that you become guided"
So Sama’a said, “May my soul be in your sacrifice, we only know what you taught us.”
Abu Abdullah (pbuh) said, “Allah (swt) created the Mind from His light, and he is the first creation of Allah (swt) from the spirituals on the right of the Throne.
He (swt) said to it, “Walk away,” so it walked away, and He then told it, “Come forth,” so it came forth,
so He (swt) said, “I have created you a great creation, and I favored you over all My creation.”
He (swt) then created Ignorance, from the dark dark brine sea.
He told it, “Walk away,” so it walked away, and He then told it, “Come forth,” so it did not come forth.
He (swt) said to it, “Have you had too much pride?” so He (swt) cursed it.
He then made seventy-five soldiers for the Mind, so when the Ignorance saw what Allah has bestowed upon the Mind from His generosity, and what He has given it,
the Ignorance hid his animosity for it and said, “O Lord, this is a creation like myself, You created it, favored and strengthened it, and I am his opposite, and I have no strength against it so give me from the soldiers like You have given it,
so He (swt) said, “Yes. So if you disobey after that, I will expel you and your soldiers from My mercy.”
It [the ignorance] said, “I am satisfied” So He gave him seventy-five soldiers.

So these were from what He has given the Mind from the seventy-five soldiers… (enumeration of the soldiers see below).

So all these characteristics from the soldiers of the Mind do not all gather except within a Prophet or a Prophet's vicegerent, or a believer whose heart was tested by Allah for faith.
As for our supporters, one of them would not be free from having some of these soldiers within him until he [attains the rest] and purifies [himself] from the soldiers of ignorance,
so then he reaches the higher level with the prophets and vicegerents (meaning if his Mind became complete he would be from the people of the seventh sky, which is the sky of Mind).
He realizes this by recognizing the Mind and its soldiers, and by avoiding Ignorance and its soldiers.
May Allah grant us success, you and us, in obeying and pleasing Him.”
– Al-Kafi Vol. 1 page 20, “The book of Mind and Ignorance,” narration 14


Note: Many of these words have different meanings depending the context

Contents

1 Goodness and it is the minister of the Mind vs. Evil and it is the minister of Ignorance

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الخير وزير العقل Goodness the Minister of the Mind al-khayr wazeer al-'aql
الشرّ وزير الجهل Evil the Minister of Ignorance ash-sharr wazeer al-jahil

2 Faith vs. Disbelief

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الايمان Faith al-eeman
الكفر Disbelief al-kufr

3 Attestation vs. Denial

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
التصديق Attestation at-tasdiq
الجحود Denial aj-jahud

4 Hope vs. Hopelessness

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الرجاء Hope ar-raja'
القنوط Hopelessness aq-qunut

5 Justice vs. Injustice

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
العدل Justice al-ʻadl
الجَوْر Injustice aj-jaur

6 Contentment vs. Discontentment

Arabic English ar-rada' explanation/ lecture
الرضاء Contentment ar-rada'
السخط Discontentment as-sukht

7 Gratefulness vs. Ingratitude

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الشكر Gratefulness ash-shukr
الكفران Ingratitude al-kufran

8 Cupidity in Allah's giving vs. Despair

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الطَمَع Cupidity in Allah's giving (having aspirtions) at-tamae
اليأس Despair (giving up, hence loosing determiation) al-ya'asu

9 Reliance (on Allah) vs. Anxiousness

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
التوكل Reliance (on Allah) at-tawakul
الحرص Anxiousness al-hirs

10 Compassion vs. Jealousy

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الرأفة Compassion ar-ra'afa
الغيرة Jealousy al-gheera

11 Mercy vs. Anger

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الرحمة Mercy ar-rahma
الغضب Anger al-ghadab

12 Knowledge vs. Ignorance

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
العلم Knowledge al-ʻilm
الجهل Ignorance al-jahil

13 Intelligibleness vs. Foolishness

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الفهم Intelligibleness al-fahm
الحمق Foolishness/ Silliness al-hamaq

14 Chastity vs. Shamelessness/ Vulgarity

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
العفة Chastity al-eifa
التهتك Shamelessness/ Vulgarity at-tahattk

15 Abstinence vs. Desire

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الزهد Abstinence az-zuhd
الرغبة Desire ar-raghba

16 Clemency/ Gentleness vs. Ruthlessness/ Cruelty

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الرِفْق Clemency/ Gentleness ar-rifq
الخرق Ruthlessness/ Cruelty al-kharq

17 Awe vs. Audacity

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الرَهْبَة Awe ar-rahba
الجرأة Audacity aj-jura

18 Humbleness vs. Arrogance

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
التواضع Humbleness/ Modesty at-tawadue
التَكَبُّر Arrogance at-takabbur

19 Deliberateness and vs. Haste

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
التُؤَدَة Deliberateness at-tuada
التسرع Haste at-tasarue

20 Insight vs. Insolence

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الحِلْم Insight al-hilm
السفه Insolence as-safaha

21 Quietness vs. Talkativeness

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الصمت Quietness as-samt
الهذر Talkativeness al-hadhar

22 Surrender vs. Pride

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الاستسلام Surrender al-istislam
الاستكبار Pride al-istikbar

23 Submission vs. Doubt

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
التسليم Submission at-tasleem
الشك Doubt ash-shak

24 Patience vs. Impatience

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الصبر Patience as-sabr
الجَزَع Impatience al-jazae

25 Forgiveness vs. Vengeance

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الصَفْح Forgiveness as-safh
الاِنْتِقام Vengeance al-intiqam

26 Self-support/ Inner Abundance vs. Neediness/ Inner Poverty

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الغنى Inner Abundance al-ghina
الفقر Inner Poverty al-faqr

27 Remembrance vs. Heedlessness

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
التذكر Remembrance at-tadhakkur
السهو Heedlessness as-sahu

28 Memorization/ Safekeeping vs. Forgetfulness/ Oblivion

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الحفظ Memorization/ Safekeeping al-hifth
النسيان Forgetfulness/ Oblivion an-nasayan

29 Affection vs. Alienation/ Disconnection

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
التَعَطّف Affection al-taeattfa
القَطِيعَة Alienation/ Cutting ties al-qatiea

30 Self-contentment vs. Greed (avarice)

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
القنوع Self-contentment al-qunua
الحرص Greed (avarice) al-hirs

31 Consolation vs. Exclusion

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
المؤاساة Consolation al-muasa
المنع Exclusion al-monae

32 Friendliness vs. Animosity

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
المودة Friendliness al-mawadatu
العداوة Animosity al-ʻadawa

33 Loyalty vs. Betrayal

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الوفاة Loyalty al-wafa'tu
الغدر Betrayal al-ghadur

34 Obedience vs. Disobedience

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الطاعة Obedience al-taAAa
المعصية Disobedience al-mase'a

35 Subservience vs. Brazenness

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الخضوع Subservience al-khud'ou
التطاول Brazenness al-tatawul

36 Security vs. Affliction

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
السلامة Security al-salama
البلاء Affliction al-balaa

37 Love vs. Hatred

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الحب Love al-hubb
البغض Hatred al-bughdu

38 Honesty vs. Lying

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الصدق Honesty as-sid'q
الكذب Lying al-kadhib

39 Truth vs. Falsehood

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الحق Truth al-haqq
الباطل Falsehood al-batil

40 Trustworthiness vs. Treachery

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الامانة Trustworthiness al-'amana
الخيانة Treachery al-khiana

41 Sincerity vs. Insincerity (or Distortion)

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الاخلاص Sincerity al-ikhlas
الشوب Insincerity (or Distortion) ash-shuwb

42 Nobleness vs. Inactivity/ Dullness

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الشهامة Nobleness al-shahama magnanimity or nobleness, for example whenever the Imams a.s. were cursed or yelled at, they never cursed back, they had dignity and confronted those individuals in a gentle and calm manner
البلادة Inactivity/ Dullness al-bilada

43 Comprehension vs. Stupidity

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الفهم Comprehension al-fahm
الغباوة Stupidity al-ghabawa

44 Cognizance vs. Denial

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
المعرفة Cognizance al-ma'rifa
الانكار Denial al-inkar

45 Concealing others' faults or secrets vs. Divulging others' faults or secrets

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
المداراة Concealing [keeping others' secrets] al-mudara
المكاشفة Divulging others' faults or secrets al-mukashafa

46 Wellness of the Unseen vs. Slyness

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
سلامة الغيب Wellness of the Unseen salaamat al-ghayb 'wellness of the heart', which means removing any ill feelings towards others
المماكرة Slyness al-mumakara

47 Confidentiality vs. Unmasking

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الكتمان Confidentiality al-kitman
الافشاء Unmasking al-ifsha'a

48 Prayer vs. Loosing/ Neglecting

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الصلاة Prayer as-salah
الاضاعة Loosing/ Neglecting al-idaa'a

49 Fasting vs. Consuming food

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الصوم Fasting as-saum
الافطار Consuming food al-iftar

50 Striving vs. Refraining

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الجهاد Striving al-jihad
النكول Refraining an-nakool

51 Guardianship/ Wilayah vs. Breaching the Covenant

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الحج Guardianship/ Wilayah al-hajj
نبذ الميثاق Breaching the Covenant nabdh al-meethaq

52 Protection of the talk vs. Defamation

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
صون الحديث Protection of the talk sawn al-hadeeth
النميمة Defamation an-nameema

53 Kindness to parents vs. Rudeness to parents

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
بر الوالدين Kindness to parents bir al-waalidayn
العقوق Rudeness to parents al-uqooq

54 Truthfulness vs. Hypocrisy

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الحقيقة Truthfulness al-haqeeqa
الرياء Hypocrisy al-riya'a

55 Virtue vs. Vice

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
المعروف Virtue al-ma'aroof
المنكر Vice al-munkar

56 Covered vs. Bedecked

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الستر Covered al-satr
التبرج Bedecked al-tabarruj

57 Concealment vs. Disclosure

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
التقية Concealment at-taqiyya
الاذاعة Disclosure al-idhaa'a

58 Fairness vs. Taking-sides

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الانصاف Fairness al-insaf
الحمية Taking-sides al-hamiyya

59 Preparation [for the legal spouse] vs. Transgression/Adultery

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
التهيئة Preparation [for the legal spouse] al-tahyi'aa
البغي Transgression/Adultery al-baghyy

60 Cleanliness vs. Filthiness

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
النظافة Cleanliness an-nathafa
القذر Filthiness al-kadhirr

61 Bashfulness vs. Ill-mannered

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الحياة Bashfulness al-hayat
الجلع Ill-mannered al-jalaa'a

62 Moderateness vs. Aggressive

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
القصد Moderateness al-qasd
العدوان Aggressive al-idwan

63 Comfort vs. Exhaustion

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الراحة Comfort al-raha
التعب Exhaustion at-taa'ab

64 Ease vs. Hardships

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
السهولة Ease as-suhula
الصعوبة Hardships as-suʻuba

65 Blessedness vs. Lack of blessings

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
البركة Blessedness al-baraka
المحق Lack of blessings al-mahq

66 Wellbeing vs. Distress

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
العافية Wellbeing al-a'afiya
البلاء Distress al-bala'

66 [Reasonable] Subsistence vs. Hoarding

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
القوام [Reasonable] Subsistence al-kawam
المكاثرة Hoarding al-mukathara

68 Wisdom vs. Desires

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الحكمة Wisdom al-hikma
الهواى Desires al-hawa

69 Dignity vs. Carelessness

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
وقار Dignity waqar
الخفة Carelessness al-khiffa

70 Happiness vs. Misery

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
السعادة Happiness as-saʻada
الشقاوة Misery ash-shaqawa

71 Repentance vs. Insistence [on sinning]

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
التوبة Repentance at-tawba
الاصرار Persistence (in sinning) al-'israr

72 Seeking Forgiveness vs. Keeping Pride

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الاستغفار Seeking Forgiveness al-istighfar
الاغترار Keeping Pride al-ightirar

73 Conservativeness vs. Belittlement

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
المحافظة Conservativeness al-muhafadha taking care of given time, money, and energy
التهاون Belittlement al-tihawin not cherishing the given time, money, and energy

74 Invoking vs. Withholding

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الدعاء Invoking/Supplicating ad-duʻa
الاستنكاف Withholding al-istinkaf

75 Vitality vs. Laziness

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
النشاط Vitality al-nashat
الكسل Laziness al-kisal

76 Cheerfulness vs. Sorrow

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الفرح Cheerfulness al-farah
الحزن Sorrow al-huzn

77 Friendliness vs. Separation

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
الالفة Friendliness al-ulfa
الفرقة Separation al-firqa

78 Generosity vs. Stinginess

Arabic English Transliteration explanation/ lecture
السخاء Generosity al-sakha'
البخل Stinginess al-bakhl