Taqlid, Fatwas and Scholars of the End Times

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The Fall of the Idol Part 1 (was not continued) refutes the concept of 'taqlid'

Let us hear what Imam Al-Askari (as) has to say on the topic of 'scholars'. The following hadith is famous and well-documented - interestingly preachers only relate it's first half usually, but not it's second half…

Imam Hasan Al-Askari (as) narrated that Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (as) said,
"…As for those among the jurisprudents who are guarding themselves, safeguarding their religion, opposing their desire, and obeying their Master, then it is for the common people to imitate them…"

This so far what is preached by the scholars, but the narration actually continues until it arrives at the following words

Some of those jurisprudents are more harmful to our Shia than the army of Yazid ibn Muawiyya was to Hussain and his companions, because the army of Yazid ibn Muawiyyah took away from Al-Hussain and his companions their lives. But those jurisprudents take away the religion from the weak of our Shia." – Tafisir Imam Al-Askari; Bihar al Anwar, Book 1; Hashem Al-Bahrani, Tafsir Al-Burhan, Vol 1; Fayd Al-Kahshani, Tafsir Al-Safi, Vol 1, Al-Huwayzi, Tasir Noor Al-Thaqalain

The above video "The "Fall of the Idol" produced by Abdullah Hashem (as) disproves the widely spread notion that taqlid of the scholars is obligatory. Abdullah Hashem (as) produced this video while he was not yet aware of the illegitimacy of the Fake Office with it's Fake Imam in Najaf. So it was based on the book "Suqout Al-Sanam" (Fall of the Idol) by Tawfiq Masrour, one of the Fake Office's shuyukh who took a lot of their knowledge from the Imam (as). Nevertheless the video clarifies that the idols of this age are the non-working scholars whom have been described in the ahadiths of our Holy Prophet (sawas) as being the most evil of creation.

There have also always been a few scholars who called at least to some of the truth, just as Imam Ahmed (as) mentioned in the Sermon of Hajj:

"I did not come to call to the whole truth, the absolute truth, without facilitation and preparation from Allah (swt). Allah made known to you the reality of those deviant clerics when He had sent scholars who called them to some of the truth, so the deviant clerics opposed them by killing and expulsion. They killed their identity and paved the way for the tyrants to kill their bodies and expel them, and right in front of you is Sayyed Khomeini, Sayyed Muhammad Baqir Al-Sadr and Sayyed Muhammad Muhammad Sadiq Al-Sadr."

But unfortunately the majority of the popular clerics of nowadays calls to themselves by obliging their followers to imitate them while they are fallibles (taqlid) and through issuing fatwas giving their opinion on the ruling of Allah (swt), only an Imam from Ahlul Bayt (as) is capable and allowed to deliver the correct ruling to the people.
Both 'taqlid' and 'fatwas' are illegitimate and harmful innovations – mistakes into which the corrupt (non-working) as well as the working scholars fell.

Thus the scholars took part in what is Allah's (swt) domain only – divine legislation – and put themselves in the position of the Ahlul Bayt (as) – as the the true infallible scholars and doors to divine law whom one actually has to imitate.

Imam Ahmed Al-Hassan warns us from the deviant clerics

In "The Sermon of Hajj" Imam Ahmed Al-Hassan (as) speaks a lot about the stance of the deviant clerics towards him as the successor of Imam Mahdi (as). He says…

Sermon of Hajj Part 1 (of 4), See [1]

"I am calling you, oh People, to save yourselves from the test of those deviant misguided misguiding clerics.
Ponder the situation of the nations which preceded you. Do you find the deviant clerics supporting a prophet from the prophets, or a successor from the successors? So do not repeat the same thing again by following those deviant clerics and fighting the successor of Imam Al-Mahdi the way the nations before you have followed the deviant clerics and fought the successors and the sent prophets.
Be fair to yourselves for once and ask yourselves this question, “Have you asked the Messenger of Allah and the Imams about the End of Time Clerics before you ask the End of Time Clerics about the successor of Imam Al-Mahdi?Have you asked the Quran about the clerics that if a prophet or successor is sent, what their constant attitude would be? Have you asked the Quran who kindled the fire for Abraham and who wanted to kill Jesus and who fought Noah, Hud, Saleh, Shuaib, Moses, Jonah and all the prophets and successors?
If you are not fair to yourselves and do not answer this question now, then surely you will answer it in hellfire by the answer,
{And they say, “Our Lord verily we obeyed our masters and great men and they misled us from the Way.”}

And if you ask Allah in the Miraj narration you will find the answer, where the Messenger asked Allah in the Miraj in a long narration until the Messenger of Allah said,
I said, “Oh Lord, so when will that be (referring to the rising of the Qaim)?” So He revealed to me, “That shall be when knowledge has disappeared and ignorance has appeared, the reciters increase and the practicing ones decrease, the murders increase and the guiding clerics decrease and the treacherous Clerics of Misguidance increase.” (…)

I am calling you, Oh People, to leave worshiping those Idols as they have made halal what Allah has made haram and they have made haram what Allah has made halal, so you obeyed them therefore you worshiped them besides Allah. (…)

I call you to acknowledge the Supremacy of Allah and reject the Supremacy of People. I call you to obedience of Allah and to reject the obedience of Satan and the obedience of his counterparts from the deviant Clerics. (…)

Proceed towards the bitterness of the truth as in the bitter remedy is the cure for the chronic disease. Proceed towards the truth which shall leave you no friend. Proceed towards the truth and the light while you want for nothing but Allah and the hereafter, away from the ornaments of this world and it's darkness."


And in "The Sermon of the story of Meeting Imam Mahdi (as)" Imam Ahmed (as) says

„And I am not waiting for support/victory through the scholars, and how can I wait and expect for the support of the scholars when Imam Sadiq, peace be upon him, confirms in more than one hadith that many of them will fight Imam Mahdi, peace be upon him, with their tongues and teeth to the point that if the matter became imminent he eradicates 70 of their big scholars and 3,000 of the small Scholars.
How can I await support from them when Imam Al-Sadiq, peace be upon him, said "Allah will support this matter with the one who has no innovations?
And if this matter came today, the one who is set upon the worship of idols shall exit out of it. "And the idols as Imam Al-Sadiq, peace be upon him, says are the non working Scholars, for there was no idols in the time of Imam Al-Sadiq, peace be upon him, except Abu Hanifa and the likes of him.
And he, peace be upon him said, "And if the Qaim emerges, the ones who see themselves as the people of this matter exit out of it. And ones who were like the worshipers of the sun and moon enter into this matter (i.e. they become supporters of the Mahdi)."
And the ones who do not support the Qaim, peace be upon him, are the non working scholars even though the people expect that they are supporters of the Qaim, peace be upon him.
And how can I expect support from those scholars when the Imams have said that it is these scholars whose fault it is that the Ummah is separated and broken?


And Imam Ahmed Al-Hassan's "Sermon to their big one, so they might return to Him" is one big shout out to he Muslims to oppose the tyrant and to clear themselves of following the corrupt scholars and to return to Allah (swt).

Non-working End Time Scholars are the enemies of the Qaim

According to the Prophet (sawas) and the Imams from his Ahlul Bayt (as) the scholars in the time of Imam Mahdi (as), especially the scholars of taqlid, will really be the enemies of the one, to whom they seem to call. They will not recognize Imam Mahdi (as) when he appears, and will instead see him as a threat to their position and therefore fight him (as).
Many outstanding scholars of the past from Shia and Sunnah agreed upon this and documented narrations about this fact in their books.

Before inspecting the history of taqlid and fatwas let us look into the alarming narrations which show how the scholars in the End Times will oppose the Qaim (as), and be his fiercest enemies, and call people to themselves and will belie the Qaim (as)…

The Arrived pt. 14 (The Scholars of the End Times)
  • Reported on the authority of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), he said: "A time will come for my Ummah during which nothing will remain from the Quran save it's scripting, and nothing will remain from Islam save it's name. They will be called Muslims while they are as far as one can be from Islam. Their mosques will be filled with people but they will be void of right guidance. The jurists of that time will be the most evil ever under the sky; they have sown disorder and disorder they shall reap." – Al-Bihar, vol. 52, p. 190, h. 21
  • The Prophet (sawas) said to Ibn Masud: „… O Ibn Masud, there will come a time when the person who is still adhering to his religion will feel as if he were holding an ember in the palm of his hand. Therefore, he should act like a wolf, otherwise he would be eaten by wolves. O Ibn Masud, their scholars and jurists are dissolute traitors. Even worse, they are the evil creations of Allah and so are their followers, visitors, people who deal with them, love them, sit with them and counsel with them. Behold the Evil creations of God, the fires of hell find their way through them and they are deaf, dumb and blind and would not return. We shall assemble them on the Day of Resurrection and squeeze them deaf, dumb and blind because they belong in hell. Whenever the fires start to die out we shall boost the blaze, and whenever their skins ripen we shall substitute them with other skins so they would feel agony. If thrown in the fire, they would hear it's inhalation ripping through, and the fire would flare up almost furious whenever they want to get out of it, anguished, but they would be thrown back in it and doomed to taste the excruciating pain of burning. In it they have an exhalation but in it they do not hear.
    O Ibn Masud, they claim that they follow my religion, my Sunnah, my way, my laws but they have nothing to do with me, neither do I have anything to do with them.
    O Ibn Masud, do not sit with them in public! Do not pledge allegiance to them in the markets! …“ – Ilzaam an-Naaseb volume 2 pages 131-132
  • Fudhail Ibn Yasar narrated:
    I heard Imam Al-Sadiq (as) saying, "When our Qaim (as) rises he will face the ignorance of people more severe than what the Apostle of Allah (pbuhaf) faced during the days of Al-Jahiliyya." I asked, "Why should it be so?" The Imam replied, "The Apostle of Allah (pbuhaf) came to people who were worshipping the stones and the carved wood. However, our Qaim (as) shall come to people who will all interpret the Book of Allah against his interpretation, and will argue with him by that. By Allah, al-Qaim shall enter his justice inside their houses, just as the heat and the cold enter them."
  • Reported on the authority of the Prophet (pbuh), who said:
    "Allah revealed to some of His prophets: Say unto those who study jurisprudence with aims other than religion, learn with aims other than action, and claim this life with aims other than the Afterlife; and who come forth before people wrapped in scapegoat cloaks while their hearts are similar to hearts of wolves, their words sweeter than honey, their acts bitterer than aloe, deceiving and mocking Me, that I shall inflict upon them an affliction that will throw the wise into confusion."
    – Bihar Al-Anwar, vol. 1, p. 224, Iddat Ad-da’I, p. 70.
  • Reported on the authority of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) from his instructions to Ibn Mas’ud:
    "…O Ibn Mas’ud, a time will come when observing religion will be to people similar to carrying firebrand in the palm of the hand. Thus, they must be wolves; otherwise, wolves will devour them. O Ibn Mas’ud, their scholars and jurists will be immoral and traitors, they will be the most evil of Allah’s creatures, as will be those who follow them, resort to them, take from them, love them, sit with them and discuss with them. They are the most evil of Allah’s creatures and will be sent to Hell."
  • As-Sadiq (as) says:
    "When Al-Qa’im comes out to take revenge on the jurists for issuing fatwas in what they do not know, they and their followers will suffer misery. Was the religion incomplete for them to complete it? Was it deviated for them to straighten it? Did people want to oppose Allah so they obeyed Him? Or did He command them to do right and they disobeyed Him? Did the chosen one (the Prophet) misconstrue what was revealed to him so they warned him? Did the religion remain incomplete in his time so they completed it? Or did another prophet come after him, and so they followed him?" – Ilzam An-Naseb, vol. 2, p. 200
  • Imam Al-Baqir (as) said: "If the Riser emerges from Karbala intending to go to Najaf while the people are around him, he will kill between Karbala and Najaf 16,000 faqeeh (scholar) and the people around him from hypocrites will say: He is not from the son of Fatima or else he would have been merciful to them,and when he enters Al-Najaf while he stays there one night he will then emerge from the door of Al-Nukhaila intending to go to the grave of Hood and Saleh (pbut), 70,000 people from Kufa will encounter him because they want to kill him, so then he (Mahdi) will kill them all and no one will survive out of it." – Noor Al-Anwar p.345 v.3 Bihar Al-Anwar v.52 p.389
  • In the book of Al-Yanabi’, it was mentioned: "When Al-Qa’im (as) appears, he will not have any apparent enemy save for the jurists, in particular. He and the sword will be inseparable, for if the sword were not in his hand, the jurists would issue Fatwas ordering his death. However, Allah will bring him forth endowed with the sword as well as with generosity, so they will obey, fear and accept his rule without faith therein while harboring disobedience." – Yanabi’ Al-Mawaddat, vol. 3, p. 215

The situation of the scholars of the End Times is how Imam Ali (as) described 'the non-working scholar':
"O you who carry knowledge around with you; are you only carrying it around with you? For surely knowledge belongs to whoever knows and then acts accordingly, so that his action corresponds to his knowledge. There will be a people who will carry knowledge around with them, but it will not pass beyond their shoulders. Their inner most thoughts will contradict what they display in public, and their actions will contradict what they know." – Imam Ali

Note: The supporters of the Fake Office in Najaf, which claims to represent the Imam Ahmed Al-Hassan (as) and has imitated Ahmed Al-Hassan to usurp his position through setting up a Fake Imam on facebook, be aware that these traditions also apply to the scholars who dominate the Yamani Dawah in the apparent.

All signs point towards that these are the the End Times. The how else did the non-working scholars of the Islamic nation come to embody that much corruption that the Prophet (sawas) calls them "the most evil of creation"?

Scholars trapped the Muslim Ummah through taqlid

Caution.png

While it was the obligation of the scholars to advise the Muslims and to be at their service the scholars invented the concept of 'taqlid' obliging the Muslims to imitate them and to follow them in each of their footsteps.
While it is perfectly correct to imitate an infallible – we could call it 'taqlid of the infallible' – the scholars took this privilege from the Ahlul Bayt (as) and unrightfully applied it to their fallible selves (taqlid of the fallible). After that whenever they made a mistake in religious matters people followed them, and thus they took away the religion from the weak.

According to wikipedia 'Taqlid' means:
" following the decisions of a religious expert without necessarily examining the scriptural basis or reasoning of that decision, such as accepting and following the verdict of scholars of jurisprudence (fiqh) without demanding an explanation of the processes by which they arrive at it."

How the concept of taqlid came about

Until the appointment of Ahmed Al-Hassan (as) as the Yamani for more than 1000 years clerics of all sects had been the last stronghold of religion…
Over the course of this time people of the Sunnah as well as Shias saw the need to draw further conclusions from the established Islamic teachings in order to answer to the questions of their time.

Sunnis felt the need to expand the Islamic teachings much earlier than the Shia, because they inherited much less knowledge from the Prophet and his family (as) in comparison to the Shia who were guided through the 12 Imams after the Prophets death.
Therefore they started to do taqlid of Hanbal, Malik, Shafi'i, and Abu Hanifa. In these times Sunnis extended that concept to Ibn Taymiyya, Ibn Uthaymeen, Ibn Baz or the Sheikh of their mosque. Many Sunnis who actively practice and study their belief today believe that it is obligatory to decide for one school of thought or follow a living scholar.

As for the Shia their lack of knowledge began with the Major Occultation (ghayba) of their 12th Imam – Imam Mahdi (as) – starting with the death of his last deputy Muhammad al-Mahdi to Ali ibn Muhammad al-Samarri in 941. Thousand years of occultation of an Imam brought up many questions for which the Shia had no answers, too. This led their scholars to take over and come up with answers from the Islamic teachings and their own minds. Unfortunately they introduced the concept of taqlid, so that today the unlearned as well as the learned Shia believe that imitating a scholar is obligatory (taqlid of a Marjah).

The unlucky outcome of all this is that the majority of both Sunni and Shia scholars either outrightly said or implied that one, who goes against their rulings lacks faith (iman) and falls into polytheism (shirk). All Muslims who study religion a little deeper will find that this is the predominant opinion in the Shia as well as the Sunni school of thought.

To support their concepts they misinterpreted the following verse from the Holy Quran…

While scholars like to claim, that the following verses refer to themselves, they actually refer to the Ahlul Bayt (as) as we can see from the respective ahadith…

{Question the people of remembrance (Ahlul Dhikr) if you do not know.} – Holy Quran 21:7

  • Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha' from 'Abdallah ibn ‘Ajlan from abu Ja‘far (as) who has said the following about the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. "Ask the people of Dhikr if you do not know." (16:43, 21: 7 Holy Quran). The Holy Prophet (as) has said, ‘I am the Dhikr and the Imams are the people of Dhikr.’" About the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High that says, "It is a Dhikr for you and for your people and you all will be asked questions.’ (43:44) The Imams (as) said, "We are his people and we will be questioned." – H 543, Ch. 20, h 1
  • Narrated by Mirza al-Nouri, and also by Sayyed Barojardi, that Ali ibn Hussein(as), and Muhammad bin Ali(as) said: "It is upon you to obey those whom you have no excuse not to obey-the obedience of us Ahlul Bayt- for Allah has tied our obedience to obedience of him and his messenger. And he has said this in the ayah in his book, from us from Allah, he has obligated obedience to himself, his messenger, and those in charge from his household, and he has ordered you to ask the people of Dhikr, and we, by Allah, are the people of Dhikr, nobody claims that besides us except a liar, for Allah says in his book: {Allah has sent to you a messenger reciting upon you ayat of Allah to take the people who believe and do good from the darkness to the light}, and then he said {So ask the people of Dhikr if you don't know}. So we are Ahlul Dhikr, so accept our order, and stop at our inhibition, for we are the doors that Allah ordered you to enter the houses with, we are those doors, this is not for anyone but us, and nobody says this but us." – Mustadrak al-Wasael Vol. 17, p.28
{O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in charge of the affairs (amr) from among you} – Holy Quran 4:59

In the sermon to the companions of Hurr Imam Hussayn (as) clarifies: “We, the household of Muhammad have precedence over those claimants in taking charge of this affair (amr) over you.” - Biharul Anwar, 44:377

{And from among you there should be a group of people inviting to all that is good and enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong, and these it is that shall be successful} – Holy Quran 3:104

This aya is obviously not a general statement about scholars but about specific people who please Allah (swt) by truly working for Him. But if we want to apply this aya to scholars we know, that there are upright as well as corrupt scholars – 'working' as well as 'non-working' ones.

Scholars furthermore based their concepts on the following ahadith…

The high station of a person who acquires knowledge for the sake of Allah (swt) and shares it with others is stressed equally in Sunni and Shia ahadith:

Increase me in knowledge.jpg
  • Umar ibn Hanzalah asked Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq, peace be upon him, about the legality of two Shias seeking a verdict from an illegitimate ruler in a dispute over a debt or a legacy. The Imam's answer was that it was absolutely forbidden to do so. Then Ibn Hanzalah asked what the two should do, and the Imam replied: "They must seek out one of you who narrates our traditions, who is versed in what is permissible and what is forbidden, who is well-acquainted with our laws and ordinances, and accept him as judge and arbiter, for I appoint him as judge over you. If the ruling which he based on our laws is rejected, this rejection will be tantamount to ignoring the order of Allah and rejecting us is the same as rejecting Allah, and this is the same as polytheism."
  • Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi (as) answered to Ishaq ibn Ya'qub: "As far as newly occurring circumstances are concerned, you should turn (for guidance) to the narrators of our ahadith, for they are my proof over you just as I am Allah's proof."
  • The Prophet of Allah (sawas) said: “The scholars of my ummah are like the prophets of Bani Israel.”
  • It was narrated that Qays ibn Katheer said: “A man came from Madeenah to Abu’l-Darda’ in Damascus and he said, ‘What brought you here, my brother?’ He said, ‘A hadeeth which I have heard that you narrate from the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his family).’ He said, ‘Have you come for any other reason?’ He said, ‘No.’ He said, ‘Have you come for trade?’ He said, ‘No. I have only come to seek this hadeeth.’ He said, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his family) say, “Whoever follows a path to seek knowledge, Allaah will make easy for him the path to Paradise. The angels beat their wings in approval of the seeker of knowledge, and those who are in the heavens and on earth pray for forgiveness for the scholar, even the fish in the water. The superiority of the scholar over the worshiper is like the superiority of the moon over all other heavenly bodies. The scholars are the heirs of the Prophets, for the Prophets did not leave behind dinars or dirhams, rather they left behind knowledge, so whoever gains knowledge has gained great good fortune.’" – Al-Tirmidhi, 2606; classed as saheeh by Sunni scholar
  • Muhammad ibn Yahyā relates, on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Īsā, who was told it by Muhammad ibn Khālid, to whom it was narrated by Abū Al- Bukhturi, that Imām Jafar as-Sadiq (as) said: "The scholars are the heirs of the prophets, for although the prophets bequeathed not a single dinār or dirham, they bequeathed their sayings and traditions. Whoever, then, acquires a portion of their traditions has indeed acquired a generous portion of their legacy. Therefore, see from whom you may acquire this knowledge, for among us, the Family of the Prophet, there are in each generation just and honest people who will repel those who distort and exaggerate, those who initiate false practices, and those who offer foolish interpretations [that is, they will purify and protect religion from the influence of such biased and ignorant people and others like them]." – Shia scholar Kulayni, Al-Kāfi, I, 78-79
  • Imām as-Sādiq (as) relates that the Prophet (sawas) said: “For whomever travels a path in search of knowledge, God opens up a path to paradise, and the angels lower their wings before him as a sign of their being well pleased [or God’s being well pleased]. All that is in the heavens and on earth, even the fish in the ocean, seeks forgiveness for him. The superiority of the learned man over the mere worshipper is like that of the full moon over the stars.
    Truly the scholars are the heirs of prophets (as); the prophets bequeathed not a single dinār or dirham; instead they bequeathed knowledge, and whoever acquires it has indeed acquired a generous portion of their legacy.” – Kulayni, Al-Kāfi, I, ii, 85-86
  • Prophet Muhammed said: "The ink of the scholar is more precious than the blood of the martyr." – Bukhari, Book of Knowledge
  • Imam Hasan al-’Askari, the eleventh Imam, (as) said: "The scholars of our followers (Shi'ah) are the guards of the bounds of Islam. Then, anyone of our followers who undertakes this (duty) is superior to the one who fights in the battle against the Romans, (because this one defends the theological bounds of our followers)." – Al-Ihtijaj, vol. 2, p. 155
  • Imam Husayn (as) said: "… Verily, the paths to Muslims affairs and the religious ordinances are in the hands of the godly scholars who are the trustees of Allah in His lawful and unlawful things…" – Tuhaful-'Uqul, p.172
  • Al-Kulayni narrates from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ibn Mahbub from Ali ibn abi Hamza, who said: “I heard Abul Hassan, Musa ibn Ja’far (as) saying: ‘When a believer dies, the angels, the parts of the earth on which he used to worship Allah on and the gates of heaven from which his actions elevate will weep for him. Similarly a crack appears in Islam that will not repaired by anything, because the learned believers are the fortresses of Islam, just as the walls of a city are its fortresses’” – Al-Kafi, 1:38
  • Prophet Muhammed (sawas) said: „The most learned of men is the one who gathers knowledge from others on his own; the most worthy of men is the most knowing and the meanest is the most ignorant.“ – Source unknown
  • Al-Saduq has narrated in Kamalul Din: Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Isam al-Kulayni narrated to us from Muhammad ibn Ya’qub al-Kulayni from Ishaq ibn Ya’qub: "I asked Muhammad ibn Uthman al-Amri to take a letter of mine in which I had asked about issues which were problematic for me. An answer came to me in the handwriting of our master, the Present Imam: As for the upcoming affairs, refer to the narrators of our narrations, for they (i.e. the narrators) are my proof against you and I am God’s proof against them." – Kamalul Deen, 2:483

Note: In the last hadith Imam Mahdi (as) warns the narrators of hadith (a description that is nowadays applied to the scholars) that while they are a proof upon people he (as) is God's proof against them. Meaning they are in charge of narrating the ahadith while he (as) will hold them responsible for any abuse.

Refutation of taqlid of the fallible

Not a slave free.png

The ahadith which tell us to follow the scholar can refer to fallible scholars actually only in a limited way, because they refer only to Ahlul Bayt (as) in an absolute way who the only true scholars of God as the following narrations clarify…

  • Ali ibn Ibrahim, from Muhammad ibn Isa, from Yunus, from Jameel, from Abu Abdillah (as):
    "I (Jameel) heard him saying: "The people are in three categories: The scholar, the student, and the scum. We are the scholars, our Shi'a are the students, and the rest of the people are scum." – Kitaab al-Kafi
  • The Commander of the Faithful (as) said: “the running of the affairs and the laws are in the hands of the scholars of God, who are the trustees over his halaal and haraam… O Allah, you know that what occurred was not a competition for power or seeking the vanities of this world, but so that we could return the truths of your religion and bring about good in Your land and so that the oppressed among your servants may feel secure…” – Tuhaful Uqool: 172, sermon 131 in Nahjul Balagah is similar to this

Consequently all the positive narrations about scholars either describe the Ahlul Bayt (as) themselves, or the 'working scholars' who carefully advise the Muslims.
And they do not describe those who intentionally overstep their authority out of greed for power over followers.
Note: Of course there are working scholars who fell into the mistake of taqlid without having this evil niyya.

And because Imam Al-Askari (as) warned us about the scholars that Some of those jurisprudents are more harmful to our Shia than the army of Yazid ibn Muawiyya was to Hussain and his companions, because the army of Yazid ibn Muawiyyah took away from Al-Hussain and his companions their lives. But those jurisprudents take away the religion from the weak of our Shia'." it is important to realize that the authority of a fallible and the authority of a fallible are two different dimensions. And if one ponders on the topic it doesn't make sense that the Ahlul Bayt would have transferred their authority to scholars at large.

Scholars have taken away the religion from the weak through fatwas

Illegitimate derivation of Islamic Law

The scholars developed different methods in order to derive further answers from the Islamic teachings.

Sunni and Shia scholars derived answers through "Ijtihad" (research/ careful and analogical reasoning done by a scholar). Sunni scholars furthermore used the method Qiyas (analogy: deducing a ruling from another ruling because of a percieved similarity between the two matters), "Ijma'" (agreement of the Muslim scholars), "Istislah" (finding an answer through deciding what serves the 'public interest'), and many more.
Man-made laws vs. Allah The Legislator

The scholars called their works "jurisprudential ruling" or "Fatwa" ('islamic legal opinion from' the verb أَفْتَى 'aftā = "he gave a formal legal opinion on") – outwardly pretending that a fatwa is not binding on the person seeking the fatwa but only recommended to be heeded as religious advice, while in fact the meaning 'islamic legal opinion' already strongly implies it's binding nature.
If one looks at the reality of a fatwa it is not more than an assumption, an opinion, a personal conclusion – and the blunt claim: This is haram – this is halal.

In fact the Prophet (sawas) has warned us from people who will make haram halal and halal haram through giving their opinion:
Narrated Awf ibn Malik: The Prophet (sawas) said: "My Ummah will divide into a little above 70, and its majority will be a fitnah (calamity) over my Ummah. 'There will be a group doing qiyas (guess work) in the (religious) matters with their personal opinions, and thereby making halal what is haram and making haram what is halal." – Al-Haythami, Majma Al-Zawa'id, Vol. 1, P243, H841

And on top of that through the concept of taqlid the fallible scholars obliged Muslims to imitate them in their opinions without questioning and thus people followed them in their mistakes and worshipped them unconsciously.

The truth is that no one has the right to claim to know the right ruling except if they get it directly from Ahlul Bayt (as) – and in this case it wouldnt be a fatwa, it would be "the" only correct ruling because it comes from the infallible.
But every scholar gives fatwas, which a lot of times contradict each other, so that people do "ijtihad" to decide which ruling is correct. This is absolutely wrong because this encourages the people to abandon knowing the Imam of the Time and taking the ruling from him (as), and encourages them to let their minds and opinions be the decider on the religion of Allah and His rulings.
An infallible Imam is the only one who has the right from Allah (swt) to command people and guide them and interpret the Qur'an for them.
No one else is allowed to give their opinion or judgement on the ruling of Allah (swt) except for the Ahlul Bayt (as).

Who are those whom Allah gave them authority and are to be obeyed beside the Prophet (sawas)?

The Ahlul Bayt (as) are the only ones who are able to fill that position. Their unmatchable station with Allah (swt) is clear for everyone, who wishes to see:

  • The Messenger of Allah said:
    "The stars are amnesty for the inhabitants of the heavens, and if the stars go away (i.e., become non-existent), the inhabitants of the heavens will be destroyed. And my Ahlul-Bayt are amnesty for the inhabitants of the earth, and if my Ahlul-Bayt go away (i.e., all die), the inhabitants of the earth will be destroyed." – Sunni references: Fadha’il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p671, Tradition no.1145; Dhakha’ir al-Uqba, by Muhibbuddin al-Tabari, p14; Manaqib Ahmad, and many more…
  • And the Messenger of Allah said:
    "The stars help prevent the inhabitants of the earth from being drowned, and my Ahlul-Bayt are the protectors of my community against disputes. Therefore, whichever groups among the Arabs opposes my Ahlul-Bayt, shall be split up by dissensions and will become (a party of) Satan." – Al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, p149; Al-Tabarani; Al-Manaqib Ahmad
  • Also the Messenger of Allah (sawas) promised:
    "In every generation of my followers there are going to be just and righteous members of my Ahlul-Bayt to counteract the alterations and corruption’s which the misguided people will try to make in my religion, to remove the false allegations of the untruthful and contradict the misinterpretations of the ignorant. Be aware! Your Imam shall be your representative before Allah, so be careful whom you adopt as your representative." – Sunni references: Al-Sirah, by al-Mala; Al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch. 11, section 1, p231 under the commentary of verse: {And stop them, for they shall be questioned!} (37:24)

Ahlul Bayt (as), the Prophets and Messengers are the only ones who are able to intepret the Quran and to give and update the rulings of Islam

Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an that no one knows the interpretation of Qur’an except Him (swt) and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge:

  • {It is He Who has revealed unto you the Book wherein are Muhkam (explicit and clear) verses— those are the Mother of the Book—and others [which are] allegorical. But those in whose hearts is doubt pursue that which is allegorical seeking [to cause] dissension and seeking it's interpretation. None knows its interpretation except for Allah and those who are firmly grounded in knowledge, they say, We believe therein; All is from our Lord; but only men of understanding really remember.} - Holy Quran 3:7
Quran Ali.jpg

And there are numerous hadiths from Ahlul Bayt (as) emphasizing that they are the ones who are firmly grounded in knowledge. And the Prophet and his progeny (pbut) stated that the allegories of the Quran are only known by the Messenger (pbuhap) and the Imams from his lineage (pbut), and the allegories are never known except through them (as):

  • Abu Jafar pbuh said, "We are the ones firmly grounded in knowledge, and we know its interpretation." – Wasail Al-Shia Vol. 27 p198
  • And Abu Abdullah (pbuh) said, "The ones firmly grounded in knowledge are the Prince of Believers (pbuh) and the Imams of his children." – Wasail Al-Shia Vol. 27 p179

The Ahlul Bayt (as) are the ones who have the knowledge of the Quran until the day of Judgement as we know from the famous 'Hadith Thaqalayn' in which Rasulullah (sawas) said:
"Verily Allah, the Merciful, the Aware, has informed me that these two (Quran & Ahlul Bayt) will never separate from each other until they meet me at the Fountain of Abundance (the Hawdh of Kawthar, a spring in heaven)." – Sahih Muslim, 2:238; Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, 5:181-182; Sahih Tirmidhi, 2:220, and others

And furthermore the entire Quran is Muhkam (explicit and clear) to the Ahlul Bayt (as):

  • Harwal Bin Hamza narrated that he heard Abu Abdullah (pbuh) saying, "{It is clear verses in the hearts of those who were given knowledge} (Holy Quran 29:49), they are the Imams in particular." – Wasail Al-Shia Vol. 27 p180
  • Also there is the verse: {And if they had referred it back to the messenger and those of authority from among them, then those of them who derive it would have known it} [Holy Qur’an 4:83], Imam Al-Sadiq (as) said: "they are the Infallible Imams (pbut)." – Wasail Al-Shia Vol. 27 p200

The Ahlul Bayt (as) also clarified that the words of Allah (swt) are not like the words of humans, therefore these words of Allah (swt) cannot be estimated by humans:

Quran AhlulBayt.jpg
  • Al-Mala Bin Khanees said that Imam Abu Abdullah (pbuh) said in a letter
    "Verily, the Quran is examples for people who know while others do not, and it is examples for people who recite it as it should be recited, and those are the ones who know it and believe in it. As to the people other than those, they are greatly confused by it and it is greatly far from the paths of their hearts. This is why the Messenger of Allah (pbuhap) said, 'Nothing is farther from the hearts of men than the interpretation of the Quran, and this [the interpretation] has been a confusion to the entire creation except whoever Allah wills', and Allah has done this so that people pay attention to His door and His path, and so that they would worship Him and obey the people of His Book and the ones who speak by His command, and so that they would refer to them in deriving what they need from the Quran rather than referring to themselves, {and if they had referred it to the messenger and to those of authority, then those among them who derive it would have known it}. And no one other than those people would have this knowledge and they never will. And I knew that it would not be right for the entire creation to be people of authority, because in that case, they would not have anyone as a follower to preach to him about the commands of Allah, therefore Allah (swt) has made the successors particular people to be followed, so understand that if Allah wills. And do not ever, ever recite the Quran by your opinion, because people are not associates in it's knowledge like they are associates in other matters. They cannot interpret it, except by it's door which Allah has made for them, so understand that if Allah wills. And request the matter from its rightful place, and you will find it if Allah wills." – Wasail Al-Shia Vol. 27 p190

About those who extended Islamic Law through imagination and opinion

Divine Law vs. manmade law

Let us look at the famous ahadith about those who preached to people and interpreted Qur’an by their own opinion:

  • Abu Baseer said that Abu Abdullah (pbuh) said,
    "Whoever interprets the Quran by his opinion, if he is right [in his interpretation] he is not rewarded, and if he is mistaken he moves even farther from the sky." – Wasail Al-Shia Vol. 18 page 149
  • In his sermon about "The most detestable of creatures" Imam Ali (as) condemns people who assume the status/title of a Qadi (judge) without having qualification or enough knowledge for this kind of responsible work:
    "… If Allah has left religion incomplete and the reason for leaving it halfway was that He desired that the people should assist Him in completing the religious code and share with Him in the task of legislating, then this belief is obviously polytheism. If He sent down the religion in complete form the Prophet must have failed in conveying it so that room was left for others to apply imagination and opinion. This, Allah forbid, would mean a weakness of the Prophet and a bad slur on the selection of Allah.
    Allah has said in the Qur'an that He has not left out anything in the Book and has clarified each and every matter…" – Najul Balagha, Sermon 17
  • Imam Al-Sadiq said: "When Al-Qa’im comes out to take revenge on the jurists for issuing fatwas in what they do not know, they and their followers will suffer misery. Was the religion incomplete for them to complete it? Was it deviated for them to straighten it? Did people want to oppose Allah so they obeyed Him? Or did He command them to do right and they disobeyed Him? Did the chosen one (the Prophet) misconstrue what was revealed to him so they warned him? Did the religion remain incomplete in his time so they completed it? Or did another prophet come after him, and so they followed him?" – Ilzam Aan-Nasib, part 2, p.200
  • Imam Jafar As-Sadiq (as) was opposed to using Qiyas (reasoning through analogy) for deriving Islamic laws. The following is a dialogue between As-Sadiq and Abu Hanifa…
    Ibn Shubrama, one of the pupils of Abu Hanifa, has reported this. He said that he and Abu Hanifa visited Jafar ibn Muhammad. He said to as-Sadiq "This is a jurist from Iraq."
    As-Sadiq replied, "Perhaps it is he who makes analogy in religion with his opinion. Perhaps it is al-Numan ibn Thabit?"
    Ibn Shubrama commented that he had not known the name of Abu Hanifa before that day.
    "Yes, I am that man", replied Abu Hanifa.
    "Fear God", the Imam told him, “and do not make analogy in religion with your opinion. The first who made analogy with his opinion was Satan when he said that he was better than Adam. His analogy was wrong and he went astray…"
    Then As-Sadiq asked Abu Hanifa, “Which is more dreadful in the eyes of God: Killing someone which God has forbidden without there being a right or committing adultery?"
    "Indeed, killing someone" replied Abu Hanifa.
    "However", said the Imam, “God accepts the testimony of two witnesses for killing someone. Yet in the case of adultery, He only accepts the testimony of four witnesses. How does analogy help you?
    As-Sadiq continued]: “Which is greater in the eyes of God, fasting or prayer?"
    "Prayer," answered Abu Hanifa.
    The Imam said, "Then why does the menstruating women have to make up the days she missed fasting while she does not have to make up the prayer she missed? Fear God, O servant of God, and do not make analogy in religion with your opinion. Tomorrow we, and those who oppose us, will stand before God. We will say, We used to say that God said and the Apostle of God said. You and your Companions will say, We heard and we held the opinion. Then let God do with us and with you what He wishes."
  • And Abu Abdillah (Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq) (as) told Abu Hanifa:
    "Are you the faqih of the people of Iraq?"
    Abu Hanifa: "Yes."
    Imam (as): "And in what are you knowledgable?"
    Abu Hanifa: "In the Book of Allah and the Sunna of his Prophet."
    Imam (as): "Oh Abu Hanifa, do you know the Book of Allah in it's true knowledge, and know the nasikh from the mansookh (copier and copied)?"
    Abu Hanifa: "Yes."
    Imam (as): "Oh Abu Hanifa, you have claimed knowledge - woe to you - Allah has not given that except to the People of the Book to whom the Book has been revealed to, woe to you, for this is only for the chosen ones from the decendants of the Prophet (sawas) and Allah has not given you from the Book one letter." – Wasael Al-Shia, Vol27, p48

Conclusion

So we understand, that the only righful way to derive the needed knowledge from the Holy Quran is by asking the Ahlul Bayt (as) or a prophet or messenger, who speaks by Allah's command – and that normal humans shall never attempt to interpret Quran, except by this door.

And we understand that because Allah (swt) gave us an infallible Imam in each era and it is haram that fallibles extend the Islamic teachings further and derive religious law through imagination and opinion. Therefore it is one of the tasks of the Qaim to take revenge on the jurists who issued fatwas in what they do not know.


The marjority of the scholars are always corrupt

TAQLID , FATWAS AND SCHOLARS OF THE END TIMES by AHMAD MAHDI


'And they will say, "Our Lord, indeed we obeyed our masters and our dignitaries, and they led us astray from the [right] way.' (Holy Quran 33:67)


What we know is that at all times the 'workings scholars' are few while the marjority of the scholars are corrupt just as they are discribed in the Holy Quran and in the ahadith…

  • On the authority of Abu Basir, who reports on the authority of As-Sadiq (as): He said I told him: {They have taken their men of religion and their monks as lords beside Allah}. At-Tawba: 31
    He (as) said: "They did not call upon people to worship them for had they done so, people would not have obliged. But they allowed them the Forbidden and forbade them the Lawful, thus they worshiped them without knowing." – Al-Burhan, part 10, p. 120 – Usul Al Kafi, Part At-Taqlid, vol. 1, p. 53, h.1
  • Reported on the authority of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), he said:
    "I do not fear that chaos destroys my Ummah, or an enemy invades it. But I fear that misleading Imams bring to my Ummah hardship and disagreement if it obeys them or annihilate it if it disobeys them." – Ilzam An-Naseb, vol. 1, p. 196
  • The Holy Prophet (sawas) said: "There are two groups of my Ummah that when they are pious, my Ummah will be upright and when they are immoral my Ummah will be corrupt."
    The Messenger of Allah (sawas) was asked who they were, and he answered: "The religious scholars and rulers." – Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, p. 49

And according to the narrations of the Ahlul Bayt (as) the scholars of the End Times play a very negative role during the time of the appearance of the Qaim (as). This prediction completely contradicts what the majority of Muslims is taught today! So who is a good scholar?


Imam Ahmed Al-Hassan adivsed us to use the scale of Al-Hussain (as) to remove the veil of fake sainthood from the non-working scholars' faces:

Imam Ahmed (as) said with his honorable voice in „A Sermon to the Students of the Hawza“:

Quote from "Sermon to the Students of the Hawza"

"As for the non-working scholars, verily Al-Hussein (pbuh) exposed them and removed the veil of fake holiness from their dark rotten faces.
So the stance of Al-Hussein (pbuh) in Karbala has remained to be the scale of truth and justice and monotheism, whoever wishes to use it shall use it in every age, in order to see through it the deformed faces of the non-working scholars of misguidance from behind the veils of fake holiness.“

What is this scale then?

In the paragraph right before that one the Imam (as) talks about the stance of Al-Hussein's (as) regarding the Supremacy of Allah. He (as) said:

"As for the oppressive rulers verily Al-Hussein (pbuh) has killed them, and he clarified/ made apparent the falsehood of the Supremacy of the People with all it's forms whether it was by the shurah among them (voting) or by the appointing from people. And Al-Hussein (pbuh) clarified that the Supremacy is for Allah, the Almighty, for He Owner of Rulership, so for Him (swt) is that he appoints, and upon the people is to accept his appointment… [until the end of the paragraph].“

Al Hussayn Supremacy of Allah.jpg

So the scale of Al-Hussein (as) is the firm unshakable stance regarding the Supremacy of Allah.

And Imam Ahmed Al-Hassan (as) said:
"And Al-Hussein (peace be upon him) faced the non-working scholars: Shurayh al-Qadi, and Shibth ibn Rab’ee, and Shimr ibn Thil-Jawshan and the likes of them. And they were the most dangerous of the confrontations, for they dressed themselves in the clothes of religion, and they falsely and by fraud had deceived the people into thinking that they brought out the sword of Muhammad (peace be upon him and his progeny) against Al-Hussein (peace be upon him), and they claimed to represent the Divine Religion, by deception and lies against Allah the Almighty." - A Sermon to the Students of the Hawza

Note: Know that the Illegitimate Office required from Abdullah Hashem (Minbar of Masr) to edit out parts from a series which mentioned the Scholars of the End Times.