Imam Ahmed Al-Hassan in the Will of the Prophet

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Ahmed Al-Hassan in the Will of Prophet Muhammed

Imam Ahmed Al-Hassan, The Yamani from Ale Muhammed (pbut), came forth calling people back to the worship of the One True God, and back to the one Straight Path, the path leading to Allah (swt), and did so bringing forth the will of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh & his family), which he (Ahmed (pbuh)) is mentioned in it by name.

Sunni and Shia view on the will of Prophet Muhammed

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The Muslim sects have different views on what Prophet Muhammed (sawas) left behind as a will or last order.

The Sunnis do not believe that Prophet Muhammed (sawas) left a written will, they rather believe in the "Hadith of the Quran and Sunnah":
"I have left among you two matters by holding fast to which, you shall never be misguided: the Book of God and my Sunna, and you will never go astray." But one should know that this version is not found in any of their kutub sitta (six most authentic books).

What is known among Sunnis regarding a written will of Prophet Muhammed is "the calamity of thursday", which states that the Prophet (sawas) attempted to write a will, but was prevented from it through the misbehavior of Umar ibn al-Khattab.

The Shia believe that the Prophet (sawas) appointed the 12 Imams (as) as his sucessors after his death, starting with Ali ibn Abi Talib (as). They know that the Prophet clarified the matter of sucessorship (khalifa) during his Farewell Sermon at Mount Arafat, in Ghadir Khumm (and other places) in which he appointed Ali (as) and uttered the famous "Hadith of the two Weighty Things" (Hadith al-Thaqalayn):
"I am leaving among you two weighty things: the one being the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it. He exhorted (us) (to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then said: The second are the members of my household I remind you (of your duties) to the members of my family. "

Note: This version is actually found in authentic books of the Sunnis, while the version "Quran and Sunna" is not.

Furthermore Shias know that Prophet Muhammed successfully left a written will and the following narration is well-known among them:

My father, may God be pleased with him, narrated to us, saying: Saad bin Abdullah narrated to us saying: Muhammed bin al-Hussain bin al-Khattaab narrated to us from al-Hassan bin Mahboob from Abil Jarood from [Imam] Abu Jafar (Al-Baqir, peace be upon him) from Jabir ibn Abdallah al-Ansari said: "Once I went to see Fatima and I saw with her a tablet in which the names of the (al-Awsiyaa) executors of the wills were written. I then counted them to twelve. The last one’s name was Al-Qaim. The names of three of them was Muhammad and the names of another three was Ali." – Al-Khisal Saduq, p. 477

But another narrated will of the Prophet had remained dormant and unnoticed in the Shia ahadith books for hundreds of years. And it is a miracle of the Yamani that when he arrived he pointed to this will which had been overlooked by people for hundreds of years, even though it is found in authentic narrations.

In fact in the night of his death, before passing away, the Prophet (sawas) told us about Imam Ahmed (as), as the first of 12 Mahdies which come after the 12 Imams, in his last will.

The obligation for every Muslim to make a will

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In accordance with the Qur’an and the Narrations from the AhlulBayt (pbut) it is incumbent upon every Muslim that he leaves behind a will.

{O you who believe! It is prescribed upon you that when death approaches one you – if he leaves behind plenty – then he should make a will (wasiyyah) for his parents and near relatives in the one-third. Tis is a duty upon the pious people.} Holy Quran 2:180

In the last verse we can see that Allah (swt) has ordered the believers to write a will when they feel their death is near. So did the master of all believers Prophet Muhammed(pbuh) leave a will? Or did he fail to fulfill the final commandment of Allah (swt)?

  • And Mohammed bin Faisel reports from Abi Alsabh that he asked from Abi Abdullah (pbuh) regarding the will, [to which the] Imam (pbuh) replied: "It is an essential duty of every Muslim." – Manlayazahooul faqi Vol-4.Page-181
  • And Mohammed bin Abi Youmar reports from Hamad bin Usman who heard from Abu Abdullah (pbuh): "Allah (swt) blesses His (swt) servant before his death by restoring His servants vision, hearing and mind so that he may make a will. It, however, depends on him to leave the will or not to, but this is the comfort extended to him before death. This is the duty upon every Muslim." – Manlayazahooul faqi Vol-4.Page-180
  • Abi Naeem narrates from Abi Hamza who heard from Imam Mohammed Baqir (as): "Allah (swt) says: {[ O ] the sons of Adam I (swt) blessed you with three:
    1) I (swt) have concealed your sins from your family, for if they come to know about your sins they would not (bother to) bury you.
    2) I (swt) gave you wealth and asked for a loan from you (to give to the poor) but you did not give it for good causes.
    3) Before your death I (swt) return back your senses, so that you may leave behind a will for good causes in wealth but you didn’t consider it.}"
    – Al-khisal Vol-1.Page 136

Therefore, if the Ahlul Bayt (pbut) stated that leaving a will is in fact a ‘duty upon every Muslim’, how could it be that the best of Allah (swt)’s creation, whom precedes all others in dedication, worship, sincerity, honor, and work, could fail to do so?
Surely the Messenger of Allah Muhamamd (sawas) did not go against the muhkam (clear/precise) verses of the Quran. And denying it would be saying that the Messenger of Allah (sawas) went against the Qur'an, and far away is he from that.

Furthermore there are many narrations that support the fact that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh & his family) did indeed succeed – by the permission of Allah (swt) – in leaving a will. Even though he was denied the request to write his will at first by a few of his companions, nevertheless, he was granted success in accomplishing the Will of Allah (swt).

Prophet Muhammed wrote a will on his deathbed

The following incident is well documented by both Shia and Sunni sources.

Narrated from Ibrahim bin Musa, from Hisham, from Muamar, from Abdullah bin Muhammad, from Abdulrazak, from Muamar, from Al-Zahri, from Ubaidullah bin Abdullah, from Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them), he said:
When Allah’s Apostle was on his deathbed there were some people in the house and among was Umar bin Al-Khattab, so the Prophet said, “Come, let me write for you a statement after which you will never go astray.” Umar said, “The Prophet is delirious, we have the Book of Allah, it is enough for us.” The people present in the house differed and quarrelled. Some said, “Go to him so that the Prophet may write for you a statement after which you will never go astray,” where others said the same as what Umar said. When they caused a disagreement and a cry before the Prophet, Allah’s Apostle said, “Go away!” Ubaidullah narrated that Ibn Abbas said, “It was very unfortunate that Allah’s Apostle was prevented from writing that statement for them because of their disagreement and noise." — Al-Bukhari, Volume 7, Chapter 70, Narration No. 573.

Another version is…

Ibn Abbas said: Thursday, and what a Thursday that was! The Messenger’s pain became very severe, and he said, “Come here, I will write you a document which will prevent you from straying from the right path.” But Umar said that the Prophet was under the spell of the pain, and that they had the Qur’an, which was sufficient being the Book of Allah. Ahl al-Bayt then differed and quarreled amongst themselves, some of them agreeing with what the Prophet said, while others supported Umar’s view. When the debate became heated and the noise became louder, the Messenger of Allah said to them, “Leave me alone.” Ibn Abbas said: “The disaster was that the disagreement among the Companions prevented the Messenger from writing that document for them.” – Sahih, Muslim, End of the book of al Wasiyyah, vol 5 p 75, Musnad, Ahmed, vol 1 p 335, vol 5 p 116, Tarikh, Tabari, vol 3 p 193, Tarikh, Ibn al Athir, vol 2 p 320

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However the story continues in the books of the Shia, when the Prophet (pbuhaf) calls Imam Ali (pbuh) and a handful of believers, back to his deathbed.

And here are few of many narrations which validate the fact that the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh & his family) did indeed leave a will behind.

  • It is narrated from Mohammed Bin Muslim who heard from Imam Abu Jafar (pbuh): "The will is an obligation, and the Messenger of Allah (pbuh & his family) has also left a will, it is the duty of all Muslims to do the same." – Manlayazahooul faqi Vol-4.Page-181
  • Sunni narration: The Prophet (sawas) wrote a book which mentions the successors after him, those who are vested with authority and then he sealed it.“ – Narrator: Muslim son of Hareth Al-Tameemi, The Muhadith: Al-Haythami, Source: Majma Al-Zawa’ed 8/102, Muhadeth’s grading: It’s narrators are trustworthy
  • And in Hadith No. 11 of the book "Kitab Sulaym ibn Qays Al Hilali" we find Imam Ali (pbuh) saying:
    "O Talhah, were you present when the Holy Prophet (SAW) asked for a paper so that he could write that with which the Ummah does not deviate and oppose? At that time your companion said what he said – (i.e. Allah’s Messenger is delirious). At that time the Holy Prophet (sawas) became very angry and left it."
    Talhah said: “Yes I was present at that time.”
    Ali (as) said: “When you people left, the Holy Prophet (sawas) told me all these and also told me what he wanted to write and he wanted people to be witness to it. At that time Archangel Jibre’eel informed him that Allah Azz Wa Jall knew what opposition and separation the Ummah will have. Then he asked for a paper and asked me to write what he wanted written and made three people witness it – Salman, Abu Dhar and Miqdad, and he told the names of the Imams who are guides, whose obedience Allah has commanded till the Day of Judgment…"

Thus, it is clear that the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) did indeed leave a will behind.

The Will of Prophet Muhammed

The Will of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuhaf) on the Night of his Death
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The Will Reads…

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The testament of the Holy Prophet Mohammad (sawas) was mentioned in references, amongst them is by Sheikh Al-Tusi, Ghayba At-Tusi, p.150

Sheikh al-Tusi, who was known as the ‘Father of the Shia’, and who started the very first Hawza of Najaf, Iraq, wrote in his book "Ghaibat ul-Tusi", regarding his opinion on the authenticity of the will of the Holy Prophet (pbuh & his family):

“We have said: ‘And what has lead to its authenticity, the Shia Imamya see it on the way of Tawaater (definite degree of surety) disregarding the others, and the way it has been authentic is present in the books of the Imamya.’“

And this will has been recognized and accepted by a Shia twelver Channel (Shia of Marjii), who narrated it on their channel along with the mentioning of the 12 Mahdis and the first of them being Ahmad.

You can read more about the narrators of the will of Prophet Muhammed and their credibility.

Conclusion

One must realize the magnitude of the bringing-forth of the will...

The story of Prophet Muhammed announcing on his deathbed that he will write a will is documented in the two "Sahih" books of the Sunnis, and continues with the hadith about the "Calamaty of Thursday" but seems to have no continuation. But in fact it's continuation is found in the books of the Shia, as well as the will itsself...

It is the only recorded will of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuhaf) that is complete.

The Prophet (pbuhaf) promised that this document is a protection for those who follow it.

And it had been hidden in plain sight for centuries, waiting for it's rightful inheritor to claim it.

This will of Prophet Muhammed (pbuhaf) is a mystery and a sign in itself - the solution to a riddle. It is not the case that a man simply came along and mentioned it.

Imam Ahmed Al-Hassan (pbuh) was the first man ever to stand up and claim that he was the one mentioned in the will of the Holy Prophet (pbuhaf).

Therefore the act of Imam Ahmed Al-Hassan (pbuh) claiming the will must be inherently safeguarded from misguidance as the Holy Prophet’s (pbuhaf) promised.